Electroencephalographic studies of skilled psychomotor performance

Bradley D. Hatfield*, Amy J. Haufler, Tsung Min Hung, Thomas W. Spalding

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧評介論文同行評審

137 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Measurements based on the EEG have featured prominently in shaping present-day concepts of the neurocognitive aspects of skilled performance. The techniques include measurements of spectral power, interelectrode coherence, event-related potential components such as the P300, slow potentials, and the method of cognitive inference. The advantages offered by EEG-based approaches lies in their spatiotemporal resolution (potentially 1 mm and less than 1 millisecond, respectively) and the potential to preserve ecological validity, i.e., to obtain measurements of cortical function under the same conditions that the task is normally performed. These studies indicate that activity is reduced in specific regions of the cerebral cortex of experts relative to that observed in novices. These changes occur over time as a result of practice. The authors argue that such cortical change results in less attentional demand and less cognitive interference with motor planning and execution. The findings attest to the plasticity of the central nervous system when one is engaged in goal-directed learning, and hold implications for understanding how the nervous system acquires voluntary skills, whether in the context of the training of an athlete or the rehabilitation of a patient who has lost motor skills due to a disease of the nervous system.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)144-156
頁數13
期刊Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology
21
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2004 五月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理學
  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 生理學(醫學)

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