Effects of the changjiang (yangtze) river discharge on planktonic community respiration in the East China Sea

Chung Chi Chen*, Fuh Kwo Shiah, Kuo Ping Chiang, Gwo Ching Gong, W. Michael Kemp


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

70 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Planktonic communities tend to flourish on the western margins of the East China Sea (ECS) fueled by substrates delivered largely from the Changjiang River, the fifth largest river in the world. To study the effects of the Changjiang River discharge on planktonic community respiration (CR), physical-chemical variables and key processes were measured in three consecutive summers in the ECS. Results showed that concentrations of nitrate and Chl a, protozoan biomass, bacterial production, as well as CR in the surface water were all negatively correlated with sea surface salinity, reflecting the strong influence of river discharge on the ECS shelf ecosystem. Moreover, mean values of nitrate, Chl a concentrations, and CR rates were proportionally related to the area of Changjiang diluted water (CDW; salinity ≤31.0 practical salinity units (psu)), an index of river discharge rate. Presumably, higher river flow delivers higher nutrient concentrations which stimulate phytoplankton growth, which in turn fuels CR. CR exhibited significant monthly and interannual variability, and rates appear to be dominated by bacteria and phytoplankton. Although the plankton community was relatively productive (mean = 0.8 mg C m-2 d-1) in the CDW, the mean ratio of production to respiration was low (0.42). This suggests that the heterotrophic processes regulating CR were supported by riverine organic carbon input in addition to in situ autotrophic production.

期刊Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009 3月 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球化學與岩石學
  • 地球物理
  • 海洋學
  • 空間與行星科學
  • 地球與行星科學(雜項)


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