Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men

Jen Yu Ho, William J. Kraemer, Jeff S. Volek, Jakob L. Vingren, Maren S. Fragala, Shawn D. Flanagan, Jesse Maladouangdock, Tunde K. Szivak, Disa L. Hatfield, Brett A. Comstock, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Joseph T. Ciccolo, Carl M. Maresh

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to mental challenge, withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, and cognitive stress during 24-hour smoking abstinence. Methods: 8 sedentary smokers (mean ± SD age: 20.1 ± 1.7 y; height: 171.6 ± 10.8. cm; body mass: 70.4 ± 12.0. kg; smoking history: 2.9 ± 0.8. y) completed a 24-hour ad libitum smoking trial (SMO) followed by two 24-hour smoking abstinence trials. During abstinence trials, participants performed six whole body resistance exercises (EX) or a control condition (CON) in the morning, followed by mental challenge tasks in the afternoon. Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and salivary and serum cortisol were measured during each visit at rest (REST), and then before (PRE-EX), immediately after (IP-EX), and 30. min after exercise (30-EX); and before (PRE-MC), immediately after (IP-MC), and 30. min after mental challenge (30-MC). Results: Resistance exercise significantly (p. ≤. 0.05) elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol at IP-EX during EX compared with SMO and CON trials. Resting ACTH, salivary and serum cortisol concentrations at Pre-MC did not differ between EX and CON trials. The HPA axis response to mental challenge was similar after EX and CON trials. Finally, resistance exercise did not reduce withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, or stress. Conclusion: Resistance exercise did not substantially alter resting HPA hormones or the HPA response to mental challenge tasks during 24 h of smoking abstinence.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)695-698
頁數4
期刊Addictive Behaviors
39
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2014 三月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Ho, J. Y., Kraemer, W. J., Volek, J. S., Vingren, J. L., Fragala, M. S., Flanagan, S. D., Maladouangdock, J., Szivak, T. K., Hatfield, D. L., Comstock, B. A., Dunn-Lewis, C., Ciccolo, J. T., & Maresh, C. M. (2014). Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men. Addictive Behaviors, 39(3), 695-698. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.027