Effects of Gradient Variations on Physiological Responses to a 30-minute Run

Ming Ju Lin, Trevor C. Chen*, Hsin Lian Chen, Chang Jun Wu, Wei Chin Tseng

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study investigated whether variations in gradient would affect the magnitude of physiological responses during a 30-minute run at an intensity of 70% of maximal oxygen capacity ({A figure is presented}O2max). Forty untrained collegiate men were randomly assigned into 0%, -5%, -11% and -16% groups (n = 10 per group), and then performed a 30-minute run at gradients of 0%, -5%, -11%and -16%, respectively, at the intensity of 70%of their predetermined {A figure is presented}O2max. Oxygen consumption ({A figure is presented}O2), minute ventilation ({A figure is presented}E), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes, respectively, during each run. Blood lactate (LA) concentration was assessed by fingertip blood sample at 3 minutes after each run. The results showed that elevations in {A figure is presented}O2, {A figure is presented}E, RER and HR during running for the -11% and -16% groups were greater (p < 0.05) than for the -5% and 0% groups. For the -11% group, elevations of these measures were greater (p < 0.05) than those of these measures for the -5% group. However, the changes in these measures showed no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the 0% and -5% groups, or between the -11% and -16% groups. As for RPE and LA, no significant differences (p > 0.05) among the groups were observed. It is concluded that the steeper the gradient, the greater the increases in {A figure is presented}O2, {A figure is presented}E, RER and HR. This may be due to the fact that at a steeper downhill gradient (-16%), the quadriceps femoris muscle lengthens to a greater extent than at lower (-5%, -11%) and level gradients.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)85-90
頁數6
期刊Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
7
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理治療、運動療法和康復
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康

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