Effect of a single session of sensorimotor rhythm neurofeedback training on the putting performance of professional golfers

Jia Hao Wu, Ting Yu Chueh, Chien Lin Yu, Kuo Pin Wang, Shih Chun Kao, Rodolphe J. Gentili, Bradley D. Hatfield, Tsung Min Hung*


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) activity has been associated with automaticity and flow in motor execution. Studies have revealed that neurofeedback training (NFT) of the SMR can improve sports performance; however, few studies have adequately explored the effects of a single session of such NFT or examined the possible mechanisms underlying these effects on sports performance. This study recruited 44 professional golfers to address these gaps in the literature. A crossover design was employed to determine the order of the participation in the NFT and no-training control conditions. The participants were asked to perform 60 10-foot putts while electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded before and after the tasks. In pre-and post-tests, visual analog scales were used to assess the psychological states associated with SMR activities including the levels of attention engagement, conscious motor control, and physical relaxation. The results revealed that a single NFT session effectively increased SMR power and improved putting performance compared with the control condition. The subjective assessments also revealed that the participants reported lower attention engagement, less conscious control of the motor details and were more relaxed in the putting task, suggesting that SMR NFT promoted effortless and quiescent mental states during motor preparation for a putting task. This study aligns with theoretical hypotheses and extends current knowledge by revealing that a single session of SMR NFT can effectively enhance SMR power and improve putting performance in professional golfers. It also provides preliminary evidence of the possible underlying mechanisms that drive the effect of SMR NFT on putting performances.

期刊Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
出版狀態已發佈 - 2024 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 骨科和運動醫學
  • 物理治療、運動療法和康復


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