Dose-Response Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise Intensity on Inhibitory Control in Children With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Yu Jung Tsai, Shu Shih Hsieh, Chung Ju Huang, Tsung Min Hung*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

The present study aimed to examine whether the effect of acute aerobic exercise on inhibitory control of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is moderated by exercise intensity. Using a within-subjects design, 25 children with ADHD completed a flanker task with concurrent collection of electroencephalography (EEG) data after three different intensities of treadmill running. The results showed that low- and moderate-intensity exercises resulted in shorter reaction times (RTs) relative to vigorous-intensity exercise during the incompatible condition of the flanker task regardless of task congruency. A P3 congruency effect was observed following low- and vigorous-intensity exercises but not after moderate-intensity exercise. The mean alpha power, a measure of cortical arousal, increased following low- and moderate-intensity exercises but decreased following vigorous-intensity exercise. In addition, the change in arousal level after moderate-intensity exercise was negatively correlated with RT during incompatible flanker tasks. The current findings suggest that children with ADHD have better inhibitory control following both low- and moderate-intensity exercises relative to vigorous aerobic exercise, which could be characterized by an optimal state of cortical arousal.

原文英語
文章編號617596
期刊Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
15
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021 六月 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經心理學與生理心理學
  • 神經內科
  • 精神病學和心理健康
  • 生物精神病學
  • 行為神經科學

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