Changes of the nerve activity of the sympathetic renal and vertebral nerves were elicited by microinjection of sodium glutamate (50 nmol/100 nl) into the pressor areas of the dorsal (DM) and rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) in cats under urethane-chloralose anesthesia. Animals were bilaterally vagotomized, artificially ventilated, and paralyzed with gallamine triethiodide. The vertebral nerve activity always increased when pressor responses were induced by DM or RVLM stimulation. However, the effects of medullary stimulation on the renal nerve activity were variable. Three types of renal nerve responses concomitant with the pressor responses were observed in either baroreceptor-intact or baroreceptor-denervated cats. They were: (1) augmentation (type I); (2) attenuation (type II); and (3) insignificant change (type III). Type I responses were often elicited by RVLM stimulation whereas type II responses were often elicited by DM stimulation. Findings suggested that neurons integrating these sympathetic nerve activities were not equally distributed in the pressor areas of DM and RVLM. This result supports the notion that neurons located in different pressor areas of the brainstem exert differential effects over different sympathetic nerve activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology