Differential effects of silver nanoparticles on two types of mitochondrion-rich ionocytes in zebrafish embryos

Jiun Lin Horng, Chih Ying Lee, Sian Tai Liu, Giun Yi Hung, Li Yih Lin*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are increasingly used in our daily life and have become a potential environmental hazard. However, the toxic effects of AgNPs on the early stages of fish are not fully understood, and little is known about their effects on specific types of ionocytes. Using zebrafish embryos as a model, this study examined the effects (changes in cell number, morphology, NH4+ secretion and gene expression) of sublethal concentrations of AgNPs (0.1, 1, and 3 mg/L) on two major types of ionocytes: H+ pump-rich (HR) ionocytes, and Na+ pump-rich (NaR) ionocytes in the skin of embryos. After exposure to AgNPs for 96 h, the number of HR ionocytes significantly declined by 30% and 41% in the 1 and 3 mg/L AgNP groups, respectively. In addition, the apical opening of HR ionocytes became smaller, suggesting that AgNPs impaired the critical structure for ion transport. NH4+ secretion by HR ionocytes of embryos also declined significantly after AgNP exposure. In contrast, the number of NaR ionocytes increased by 29% and 43% in the 1 and 3 mg/L AgNP groups, respectively, while these cells deformed their shape. AgNPs altered mRNA levels of several ion channel and transporter genes involved in the functions of HR ionocytes and NaR ionocytes, and influenced hormone genes involved in regulating calcium homeostasis. This study shows that AgNPs can cause differential adverse effects on two types of ionocytes and the effects can threaten fish survival.

原文英語
文章編號109244
期刊Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology
252
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2022 2月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物化學
  • 生理學
  • 海洋科學
  • 動物科學與動物學
  • 毒理學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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