Curcumin-induced mitotic spindle defect and cell cycle arrest in human bladder cancer cells occurs partly through inhibition of aurora A

Hsiao Sheng Liu, Ching Shiun Ke, Hung Chi Cheng, Chi Ying F. Huang, Chun Li Su*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

50 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Curcumin, an active compound in turmeric and curry, has been proven to induce tumor apoptosis and inhibit tumor proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis via modulating numerous targets in various types of cancer cells. Aurora A is a mitosis-related serine-threonine kinase and plays important roles in diverse human cancers. However, the effect of curcumin on Aurora A has not been reported. In this study, Aurora A promoter activity and mRNA expression were inhibited in curcumin-treated human bladder cancer T24 cells, suggesting that Aurora A is regulated at the transcription level. We also found that curcumin preferentially inhibited the growth of T24 cells, which show a higher proliferation rate, invasion activity, and expression level of Aurora A compared with that of human immortalized uroepithelial E7cells. Furthermore, inhibition of phosphorylation of Aurora A and its downstream target histone H3 accompanied by the formation of monopolar spindle, induction of G 2/M phase arrest, and reduction in cell division in response to curcumin were detected in T24 cells. These curcumin-induced phenomena were similar to those using Aurora A small interfering RNA and were attenuated by ectopic expression of Aurora A. Therefore, the antitumor mechanism of curcumin is Aurora A-related, which further supports the application of curcumin in treatments of human cancers.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)638-646
頁數9
期刊Molecular Pharmacology
80
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2011 十月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子醫學
  • 藥理

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