TY - JOUR

T1 - Crossover from a delocalized to localized atomic excitation in an atom-waveguide interface

AU - Jen, H. H.

AU - You, J. S.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan, under the Grant No. MOST-109-2112-M-001-035-MY3
Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd.

PY - 2021/5

Y1 - 2021/5

N2 - An atom-waveguide system, which presents one of the quantum interfaces that enable strong couplings between light and atoms, can support tightly-confined guided modes of light. In this distinctive quantum interface, we theoretically investigate the crossover from a delocalized to localized atomic excitation under long-range dipole-dipole interactions and lattice disorders. Both localization lengths of the excitation distributions and power-law scalings of dissipative von Neumann entanglement entropy show signatures of this crossover. We further calculate numerically the level statistics of the underlying non-Hermitian Hamiltonian, from which as the disorder strength increases, the gap ratio decreases and the intrasample variance increases before reaching respective saturated values. The mean gap ratio in the deeply localized regime is close to the one from Poisson statistics along with a relatively large intrasample variance, whereas in the nondisordered regime, a significant level repulsion emerges. Our results provide insights to study the non-ergodic phenomenon in an atom-waveguide interface, which can be potentially applied to photon storage in this interface under dissipations.

AB - An atom-waveguide system, which presents one of the quantum interfaces that enable strong couplings between light and atoms, can support tightly-confined guided modes of light. In this distinctive quantum interface, we theoretically investigate the crossover from a delocalized to localized atomic excitation under long-range dipole-dipole interactions and lattice disorders. Both localization lengths of the excitation distributions and power-law scalings of dissipative von Neumann entanglement entropy show signatures of this crossover. We further calculate numerically the level statistics of the underlying non-Hermitian Hamiltonian, from which as the disorder strength increases, the gap ratio decreases and the intrasample variance increases before reaching respective saturated values. The mean gap ratio in the deeply localized regime is close to the one from Poisson statistics along with a relatively large intrasample variance, whereas in the nondisordered regime, a significant level repulsion emerges. Our results provide insights to study the non-ergodic phenomenon in an atom-waveguide interface, which can be potentially applied to photon storage in this interface under dissipations.

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U2 - 10.1088/1361-6455/abf6b7

DO - 10.1088/1361-6455/abf6b7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85107285591

VL - 54

JO - Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

JF - Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

SN - 0953-4075

IS - 10

M1 - 105002

ER -