Cram school students' conceptions of learning and learning science in Taiwan

Chin Chung Tsai, Pi Chu Kuo

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

53 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The cram school in Taiwan offers additional after-school instruction to enhance students' academic performance, and it provides a unique educational context to investigate students' perspectives toward learning. The purpose of this study was to explore 45 cram school students' (around 14 years old) conceptions of learning and learning science. The research data were gathered from interviews with each of the students, and the interview responses were further analyzed by a phenomenographic method. It was found that most of these students conceptualized learning or learning science as memorizing school knowledge, preparing for tests, or practicing tutorial problems and processing calculations. This study also revealed that about 76% of the students expressed coherent views between conceptions of learning in general, and those of learning science in particular. Further analyses of student interview responses suggested that the students held a quantitative view of learning (science) and they tended to atomize school knowledge while learning (science). Their motivation for learning was mainly driven by external factors, such as examination scores, and they probably employed a surface approach to learning. Moreover, their conceptions of learning or learning science might imply a dualist epistemology for the nature of knowing and knowledge. This study also showed some evidence that the special educational context of cram schools might guide students develop certain conceptions of learning, thus leading to particular study and motivational approaches.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)353-375
頁數23
期刊International Journal of Science Education
30
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2008 二月 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

指紋 深入研究「Cram school students' conceptions of learning and learning science in Taiwan」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此