Comparisons of nutrient intakes and dietary patterns between prepregnancy and during pregnancy

Li Ching Lyu*, Hsiao Ching Lin, Ching Yu Liao, Hsiao Lin Hwa


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審


The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary intakes of pregnant women and compared the collected data from prepregnancy and during pregnancy. We used two dietary assessment methods including food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a typical day recall for postnatal women to collect dietary information during pregnancy and before pregnancy. Our study subjects were from two cohort studies. First cohort were 181 pregnant women who received prenatal follow-up at Taipei Municipal Women's and Children's Hospital. Second cohort consists of 150 postnatal women recruited at Taipei City Hospital, Branch of Women and Children, and National Taiwan University Hospital. By using the FFQ, we found that the nutrient densities of dietary fiber, cholesterol, vitamin E, vitamin B 1, vitamin B 2, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, zinc, folate, plant protein, and animal fat during pregnancy were higher than pre-pregnancy, while the nutrient densities of vitamin A, niacin, vitamin B 6, vitamin B 12, sodium, and iron were lower than pre-pregnancy. In addition, women during pregnancy ate more milk, eggs, fruit, and soybean products than pre-pregnancy (p < 0.05). By using a typical diet from postnatal women recalled, (remote dietary recall) the average energy intakes before pregnancy was 2813 kcal, the first and the third trimesters were 2076 kcal, and 2300 kcal, respectively. We suggested the dietary intakes assessed by a typical diet from postnatal women recalled were overestimated. This may reflect, in part, the influence of current diet on recall of past diet. In addition, we suggested FFQ gave useful estimates of the nutrient density intakes of pregnant women and appears to be an appropriate tool to assess diet.

頁(從 - 到)85-94
期刊Nutritional Sciences Journal
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥(雜項)
  • 營養與營養學


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