Alkali metal-carbon dioxide (Li/Na-CO2) batteries have generated widespread interest in the past few years owing to the attractive strategy of utilizing CO2 while still delivering high specific energy densities. Among these systems, Na-CO2 batteries are more cost effective than Li-CO2 batteries because the former uses cheaper and abundant Na. Herein, a Ru/carbon nanotube (CNT) as a cathode material was used to compare the mechanisms, stabilities, overpotentials, and energy densities of Li-CO2 and Na-CO2 batteries. The potential of Na-CO2 batteries as a viable energy storage technology was demonstrated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas