Optical recognition was studied with modified electrodes based on iron-rich clays. According to energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), several clay minerals including montmorillonite K10 (mont. K10) contain a lot of iron. Cyclic voltammetry suggested that electrochemically active iron species exist in most iron-rich clays and are likely to reside at different sites. The associated electrochemical activity is strongly pH-dependent and photosensitive. Under UV irradiation (λ≤420 nm), these iron species were activated, and a pronounced photocurrent resulted. When these electrodes were flow-injected with 2-pyridylcarboxylic acids (λab,max = 260 nm), the originally monotonic photocurrent could be modulated into a more recognizable a.c. pattern and the 260 nm optical signal became distinguishable. The photoresponse was highly reproducible, and the response time (t90) was less than 10 s.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化學工程 (全部)