We previously reported substance P (SP) via neurokinin type 1 receptor facilitates bladder afferent signaling and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in bladder connected with neurogenic inflammation [Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 284 (2003) F840]. Increased intercellular adhesion molecule expression and subsequent leukocyte adhesion in the inflamed bladder contribute to SP-induced oxidative injury. Here we investigate the effect of green tea extract (catechins) on SP-induced bladder hyperactivity. We evaluated isovolumetric cystometrogram, adhesion molecular expression, and ROS activity in anesthetized rat bladder with SP stimulation. Our results showed that SP increased the amount of leukocyte ROS production in vitro in a dose-dependent manner and the enhanced ROS can be inhibited by catechins treatment. Exogenous SP increased ROS in vivo in the bladder via increased intercellular adhesion molecule expression and subsequent leukocyte adhesion, a primary source of ROS in the inflamed bladder. Two weeks of catechins pretreatment reduced SP-induced bladder intercellular adhesion molecule expression and ROS amount and ameliorated the hyperactive bladder response. These results indicate that catechins pretreatment can ameliorate SP-induced neurogenic inflammation via the action of antioxidant, anti-adhesion, and anti-inflammatory activity.
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