Cassini ion and neutral mass spectrometer: Enceladus plume composition and structure

J. Hunter Waite*, Michael R. Combi, Wing Huen Ip, Thomas E. Cravens, Ralph L. McNutt, Wayne Kasprzak, Roger Yelle, Janet Luhmann, Hasso Niemann, David Gell, Brian Magee, Greg Fletcher, Jonathan Lunine, Wei Ling Tseng

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

411 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The Cassini spacecraft passed within 168.2 kilometers of the surface above the southern hemisphere at 19:55:22 universal time coordinated on 14 July 2005 during its closest approach to Enceladus. Before and after this time, a substantial atmospheric plume and coma were observed, detectable in the Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS) data set out to a distance of over 4000 kilometers from Enceladus. INMS data indicate that the atmospheric plume and coma are dominated by water, with significant amounts of carbon dioxide, an unidentified species with a mass-to-charge ratio of 28 daltons (either carbon monoxide or molecular nitrogen), and methane. Trace quantities (<1%) of acetylene and propane also appear to be present. Ammonia is present at a level that does not exceed 0.5%. The radial and angular distributions of the gas density near the closest approach, as well as other independent evidence, suggest a significant contribution to the plume from a source centered near the south polar cap, as distinct from a separately measured more uniform and possibly global source observed on the outbound leg of the flyby.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1419-1422
頁數4
期刊Science
311
發行號5766
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2006 三月 10
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 多學科

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