Capsule: A Crested Goshawk population recently colonizing an urban area of Taiwan is characterized by earlier egg-laying dates, a higher ratio of mixed-age pairs and higher nesting success. Aims: To compare breeding time, productivity and pairing pattern of Crested Goshawk populations between urban and rural areas. Methods: A total of 117 nests, comprising 49 rural and 68 urban ones, were monitored in Taichung, central Taiwan over six years. Age of parents, egg-laying date, clutch size and number of fledglings were recorded from each nest. Results: The urban Crested Goshawk bred 34 days earlier on average than the rural population with a significantly higher nesting success. Mixed-age pairs occurred in a higher frequency in urban (30.9%) than in rural (14.3%) areas. Predation (55.6%) and inclement weather (27.8%) were the two main factors causing nesting failures in rural areas, whereas neither occurred in the urban area. Conclusion: We conclude that the urban Crested Goshawk population benefits from high food supply and low predation risk. The year-round abundance of prey might increase the breeding success of young adults and advance their breeding schedule, which coincidently shifts the brooding period away from the heavy rainy season.
ASJC Scopus subject areas