Biomechanical strategies underlying the robust body armour of an aposematic weevil

Lu Yi Wang, Hamed Rajabi, Nima Ghoroubi, Chung Ping Lin, Stanislav N. Gorb*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

17 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Robust body armor is one of many anti-predator strategies used among animal taxa. The exoskeleton of insects can serve as the secondary defense mechanism in combination with the primary defense such as warning color. Aposematic Pachyrhynchus weevils advertise their unprofitability and use their robust exoskeleton for effective defense against lizard predators. While the mature weevils survive after the predatory attack, the soft teneral ones can easily be consumed. To reveal how the mature weevils achieve such effective protection, we investigated the ontogenetic changes in the microstructure and material properties of the exoskeleton of the adult weevils. We also tested the functional role of a weevil-specific structure, the fibrous ridge, in the robustness of the elytral cuticle of the mature weevils. The results showed that the mature weevils have thicker, stiffer and more sclerotized cuticle than the teneral ones. The fibrous ridges in the endocuticle considerably increase the overall stiffness of their cuticle. Together these biomechanical strategies enable Pachyrhynchus weevils to achieve robust body armor that efficiently protects them from lizard predation.

原文英語
文章編號1410
期刊Frontiers in Physiology
9
發行號OCT
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2018 十月 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理學
  • 生理學(醫學)

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