Basic auditory processing and developmental dyslexia in Chinese

Hsiao Lan Sharon Wang, Martina Huss, Jarmo A. Hämäläinen, Usha Goswami*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

22 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The present study explores the relationship between basic auditory processing of sound rise time, frequency, duration and intensity, phonological skills (onset-rime and tone awareness, sound blending, RAN, and phonological memory) and reading disability in Chinese. A series of psychometric, literacy, phonological, auditory, and character processing tasks were given to 73 native speakers of Mandarin with an average age of 9. 7 years. Twenty-six children had developmental dyslexia, 29 were chronological age-matched controls (CA controls) and 18 were reading-matched controls (RL controls). Chinese children with dyslexia were significantly poorer than CA controls in almost all phonological tasks, in semantic radical search, and in phonological recoding proficiency. Chinese children with dyslexia also showed significant impairments in most of the basic auditory processing tasks. Regression analyses demonstrated that different auditory measures of rise time discrimination were the strongest predictors of individual differences in Chinese character reading (1 Rise task) and phonological recoding (2 Rise task) respectively, with frequency discrimination also important for nonsense syllable decoding. Our results support the hypothesis that accurate perception of the amplitude envelope of speech is critical for phonological development and consequently reading acquisition across languages.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)509-536
頁數28
期刊Reading and Writing
25
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2012 二月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經心理學與生理心理學
  • 教育
  • 語言和語言學
  • 言語和聽力

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