Association of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism and academic achievement in a Chinese cohort

Ting Kuang Yeh, Chun Yen Chang*, Chung Yi Hu, Ting Chi Yeh, Ming Yeh Lin

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

36 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is a methylation enzyme that catalyzes the degradation pathway and inactivation of dopamine. It is accepted widely as being involved in the modulation of dopaminergic physiology and prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. The COMT Val158Met polymorphism is associated with variation in COMT activity. COMT 158Met allele may be advantageous for PFC-related cognitive abilities; however, it is also associated with increased anxiety, depression, and emotional vulnerability in response to stress or educational adversity. We hypothesized that the COMT polymorphism might be associated with academic performance. In this study, 779 Taiwanese tenth-grade volunteers were recruited. Scores from the Basic Competency Test (BCT), an annual national competitive entrance examination, were used to evaluate academic performance. The results indicated that students bearing homozygous for the Met allele tended to perform more poorly in all BCT subtests as compared to the other groups. In particular, the former performed significantly more poorly in the science and social science subtests. These findings provide evidence that affective factors might overwhelm cognitive abilities in high-stake tests like the BCT.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)300-305
頁數6
期刊Brain and Cognition
71
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009 十二月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經心理學與生理心理學
  • 實驗與認知心理學
  • 發展與教育心理學
  • 藝術與人文(雜項)
  • 認知神經科學

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