Antecedent acute cycling exercise affects attention control: An ERP study using attention network test

Yu Kai Chang, Caterina Pesce*, Yi Te Chiang, Cheng Yuh Kuo, Dong Yang Fong

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

44 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of this study was to investigate the after-effects of an acute bout of moderate intensity aerobic cycling exercise on neuroelectric and behavioral indices of efficiency of three attentional networks: alerting, orienting, and executive (conflict) control. Thirty young, highly fit amateur basketball players performed a multifunctional attentional reaction time task, the attention network test (ANT), with a two-group randomized experimental design after an acute bout of moderate intensity spinning wheel exercise or without antecedent exercise. The ANT combined warning signals prior to targets, spatial cueing of potential target locations and target stimuli surrounded by congruent or incongruent flankers, which were provided to assess three attentional networks. Event-related brain potentials and task performance were measured during the ANT. Exercise resulted in a larger P3 amplitude in the alerting and executive control subtasks across frontal, central and parietal midline sites that was paralleled by an enhanced reaction speed only on trials with incongruent flankers of the executive control network. The P3 latency and response accuracy were not affected by exercise. These findings suggest that after spinning, more resources are allocated to task-relevant stimuli in tasks that rely on the alerting and executive control networks. However, the improvement in performance was observed in only the executively challenging conflict condition, suggesting that whether the brain resources that are rendered available immediately after acute exercise translate into better attention performance depends on the cognitive task complexity.

原文英語
文章編號156
期刊Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
9
發行號APRIL
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015 4月 9
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經心理學與生理心理學
  • 神經內科
  • 精神病學和心理健康
  • 生物精神病學
  • 行為神經科學

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