An investigation of the outcomes of pgy students' cognition of and persistent behavior in learning through the intervention of the flipped classroom in Taiwan

Sheng Der Hsu, Cheng Jueng Chen, Wei Kuo Chang, Yih Jin Hu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The Postgraduate Year (PGY) Program allows doctors-in-training to learn about the diagnosis, treatment and nursing of various common, general diseases. These items form the core curriculum and are mostly learned through caring for patients and clinical teaching. Doctorsin-training are evaluated for their knowledge through written tests or assignments, based on which the effectiveness of their training is also assessed; however, this generally produces a negative learning attitude among them. So we introduced the flipped classroom into PGY training program to change PGY students' learning behavior. Although the flipped classroom is highly valued and has been practiced by teachers in schools of various levels, very few attempts have been made until now to report the learning outcomes achieved through the flipped classroom by means of rigorous research methods. Therefore we tried to employed Ajzen and Fishbein's (1980) theory of reasoned action and Bandura's self-efficacy to predict and explain the participants' behavioral intention when participating in the core curriculum learning of the flipped classroom and to assess the change in students' learning behavior and learning effectiveness. From August 2013 to July 2014, 39 PGY students from the General Surgery of the Tri-Service General Hospital were selected as the participants of this study. The control group included 43 students of the previous year, that is, the year before the intervention of the flipped classroom. A comparative analysis was performed. The questionnaire's related matrices indicated highest correlation between self-efficacy and behavioral intention (r = 0.491, P < 0.01), followed by attitude (r = 0.365, P < 0.01) and subjective norms (r = 0.360, P < 0.01.) All three showed positive correlations with behavioral intention; among attitude, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, the pairwise correlations also reached significance level. The flipped classroom can indeed change PGY students' the learning behavior from "passive learning" to "active learning."

原文英語
文章編號e0167598
期刊PloS one
11
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2016 十二月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)
  • 農業與生物科學 (全部)
  • 多學科

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