Recently, the data stream, which is an unbounded sequence of data elements generated at a rapid rate, provides a dynamic environment for collecting data sources. It is likely that the embedded knowledge in a data stream will change quickly as time goes by. Therefore, catching the recent trend of data is an important issue when mining frequent itemsets over data streams. Although the sliding window model proposed a good solution for this problem, the appearing information of patterns within a sliding window has to be maintained completely in the traditional approach. For estimating the approximate supports of patterns within a sliding window, the frequency changing point (FCP) method is proposed for monitoring the recent occurrences of itemsets over a data stream. In addition to a basic design proposed under the assumption that exact one transaction arrives at each time point, the FCP method is extended for maintaining recent patterns over a data stream where a block of various numbers of transactions (including zero or more transactions) is inputted within a fixed time unit. Accordingly, the recently frequent itemsets or representative patterns are discovered from the maintained structure approximately. Experimental studies demonstrate that the proposed algorithms achieve high true positive rates and guarantees no false dismissal to the results yielded. A theoretic analysis is provided for the guarantee. In addition, the authors' approach outperforms the previously proposed method in terms of reducing the run-time memory usage significantly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 社會科學 (全部)