Much effort is being marshaled to generate uniform neuronal populations from embryonic stem (ES) cells, but a completely reliable method has yet to be developed. Here we modified and established a method that brings us closer to this goal. By examining many parameters, we found that the optimal timing of applying a freshly made trypsin/EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) solution to dissociate embryoid bodies determines the success of the outcome. Analyses demonstrated that with this approach, more than 87% of cells differentiated into glutamatergic neurons. Hence, these uniform neurons that were differentiated from ES cells provide an ideal cellular model for many aspects of research.
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