ALMA survey of orion planck galactic cold clumps (ALMASOP): Detection of extremely high-density compact structure of prestellar cores and multiple substructures within

Dipen Sahu, Sheng Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, Neal J. Evans, Naomi Hirano, Ken'ichi Tatematsu, Chin Fei Lee, Kee Tae Kim, Somnath Dutta, Dana Alina, Leonardo Bronfman, Maria Cunningham, David J. Eden, Guido Garay, Paul F. Goldsmith, Jinhua He, Shih Ying Hsu, Kai Syun Jhan, Doug Johnstone, Mika JuvelaGwanjeong Kim, Yi Jehng Kuan, Woojin Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Jeong Eun Lee, Di Li, Pak Shing Li, Shanghuo Li, Qiu Yi Luo, Julien Montillaud, Anthony Moraghan, Veli Matti Pelkonen, Sheng Li Qin, Isabelle Ristorcelli, Patricio Sanhueza, Hsien Shang, Zhi Qiang Shen, Archana Soam, Yuefang Wu, Qizhou Zhang, Jianjun Zhou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

Prestellar cores are self-gravitating dense and cold structures within molecular clouds where future stars are born. They are expected, at the stage of transitioning to the protostellar phase, to harbor centrally concentrated dense (sub)structures that will seed the formation of a new star or the binary/multiple stellar systems. Characterizing this critical stage of evolution is key to our understanding of star formation. In this work, we report the detection of high-density (sub)structures on the thousand-astronomical-unit (au) scale in a sample of dense prestellar cores. Through our recent ALMA observations toward the Orion Planck Galactic Cold Clumps, we have found five extremely dense prestellar cores, which have centrally concentrated regions of ∼2000 au in size, and several 107 cm-3 in average density. Masses of these centrally dense regions are in the range of 0.30 to 6.89M⊙. For the first time, our higher resolution observations (0.8' ∼ 320 au) further reveal that one of the cores shows clear signatures of fragmentation; such individual substructures/fragments have sizes of 800-1700 au, masses of 0.08 to 0.84M⊙, densities of 2 - 8 × 107 cm-3, and separations of ∼1200 au. The substructures are massive enough (≳0.1M⊙) to form young stellar objects and are likely examples of the earliest stage of stellar embryos that can lead to widely (∼1200 au) separated multiple systems.

原文英語
文章編號abd3aa
期刊Astrophysical Journal Letters
907
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021 一月 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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