ALMA Discovery of a Disk around the Planetary-mass Companion SR 12 c

Ya Lin Wu*, Brendan P. Bowler, Patrick D. Sheehan, Laird M. Close, Joshua A. Eisner, William M.J. Best, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Zhaohuan Zhu, Adam L. Kraus

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

We report an Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array 0.88 mm (Band 7) continuum detection of the accretion disk around SR 12 c, an ∼11 M Jup planetary-mass companion (PMC) orbiting its host binary at 980 au. This is the first submillimeter detection of a circumplanetary disk around a wide PMC. The disk has a flux density of 127 ± 14 μJy and is not resolved by the ∼0.″1 beam, so the dust disk radius is likely less than 5 au and can be much smaller if the dust continuum is optically thick. If, however, the dust emission is optically thin, then the SR 12 c disk has a comparable dust mass to the circumplanetary disk around PDS 70 c but is about five times lower than that of the ∼12 M Jup free-floating OTS 44. This suggests that disks around bound and unbound planetary-mass objects can span a wide range of masses. The gas mass estimated with an accretion rate of 10-11 M ⊙ yr-1 implies a gas-to-dust ratio higher than 100. If cloud absorption is not significant, a nondetection of 12CO(3-2) implies a compact gas disk around SR 12 c. Future sensitive observations may detect more PMC disks at 0.88 mm flux densities of ≲ 100 μJy.

原文英語
文章編號L3
期刊Astrophysical Journal Letters
930
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2022 5月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文和天體物理學
  • 空間與行星科學

指紋

深入研究「ALMA Discovery of a Disk around the Planetary-mass Companion SR 12 c」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此