This study utilized the very low frequency-electromagnetic (VLF-EM) technique, a passive electromagnetic prospecting method working in the very low frequency range (15-30 KHz) to investigate the geo-environmental problems of shallow, low conductivity sedimentary layers in Taiwan. Field examples successfully demonstrate the advantages of using this method in locating non-mineralized shallow fault zones. The zero-crossings of in-phase and quadrature measurements in 2-D contour maps clearly locate the position of subsurface anomalous source bodies. Further analysis of the measured VLF single profile peaks reveals that this method is useful in determining subsurface structures and conductivity. The advantages of nondestructive, noninvasive, and low consumption of power make this method extremely friendly to the environment. The authors anticipate this method will have more profound impacts on the interactions between prospecting technology and the earth.
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