A two-tier test approach to developing location-aware mobile learning systems for natural science courses

Hui-Chun Chu, Gwo-Jen Hwang, Chin-Chung Tsai, Judy C.R. Tseng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

366 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The advancement of wireless and mobile technologies has enabled students to learn in an environment that combines learning resources from both the real world and the digital world. Although such an approach has been recognized as being innovative and important, several problems have been revealed in practical learning activities. One major problem is owing to the lack of proper learning strategies or tools for assisting the students to acquire knowledge in such a complex learning scenario. Students might feel excited or engaged when using the mobile devices to learn in the real context; nevertheless, their learning achievements could be disappointing. To deal with this problem, this study presents a mobile learning system that employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to detect and examine real-world learning behaviors of students. This study also utilizes each student’s responses from a two-tier test (i.e., multiple-choice questions in a two-level format) to provide personalized learning guidance (called two-tier test guiding, T3G). The experimental results from a natural science course of an elementary school show that this innovative approach is able to improve the learning achievements of students as well as enhance their learning motivation.
頁(從 - 到)1618-1627
期刊Computers and Education
出版狀態已發佈 - 2010


  • Mobile learning
  • Ubiquitous learning
  • Two-tier test
  • Context awareness