A study of the formation of time adverbs Zai and Zhengzai

Jin Hui Wang*


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


This study argues that the functions of the time adverb zai can express action progression and state continuance. These two functions stem from different sources. Zai, functioning as state continuance, involves the evolution of {locative verb > time adverb}. This was formed by inducing a metaphor mechanism in the static context. Zai, which performs action progression, evolved from {locative verb > locative preposition > time adverb}. This happened in the dynamic context where serial verb constructions carried out semantic devaluation and the void reference of {zai + demonstrative pronoun} caused the dropping of the locative phrases. The two evolution routes take on typological meaning and are confirmed via cross-linguistic comparison. The time adverb zhengzai was formed in the cause-effect context where the sequence {"zheng "adverb + "zai + VP"verb-object/preposition-object} cannot be explained by {zheng + zai + VP + zhishi}. The "VP" was then turned into the focus of action events, which led to a reanalysis as {"zhengzai adverb+ "VP"verb phrase}.

頁(從 - 到)187-212
期刊Language and Linguistics
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 語言與語言學
  • 語言和語言學


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