A review of empirical evidence on scaffolding for science education

Tzu Chiang Lin, Ying Shao Hsu*, Shu Sheng Lin, Maio Li Changlai, Kun Yuan Yang, Ting Ling Lai


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

53 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


This content analysis of articles in the Social Science Citation Index journals from 1995 to 2009 was conducted to provide science educators with empirical evidence regarding the effects of scaffolding on science learning. It clarifies the definition, design, and implementation of scaffolding in science classrooms and research studies. The results show important cross-study evidence that most researchers have adopted a qualitative approach (67.44%), focused on learning context (72.09%), and used high school students as participants (53.49%). In designing scaffoldings, researchers have shown a preference for long-term explicit scaffolding using multiple representations to promote procedural and strategic skills and alternative assessments of learner performance. Nevertheless, scaffolding issues related to teacher education are unexpectedly few (11.63%) in empirical research. The results also indicate that there are too few studies to guide researchers in considering fading scaffolds for active learning (9.30%). Future directions and suggestions toward conducting research regarding scaffolding are provided.

頁(從 - 到)437-455
期刊International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
出版狀態已發佈 - 2012 4月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 教育
  • 數學(全部)


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