In this paper, we propose a novel architecture that combines the convolutional neural network (CNN) with a fuzzy neural network (FNN). We utilize the fuzzy neural network with semi-connected layers to sum up feature information. During the training process, to map membership values, the CNN generates feature maps as outputs and feeds into fuzzifier layers, alternatively called fuzzy maps. The proposed method increases classification accuracy, because fuzzy neural networks can generate not only crisp values but also fuzzy values; this means that there is potentially more information contained in the fuzzy set. Our model is evaluated by cross-validation tests. While big data is necessary for training in general, we train our model with small data and test with big data to demonstrate its ability of object classification in cases where sufficient data are not available.
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