Using the techniques of neural networks (NN), we study the three-dimensional (3D) five-state ferromagnetic Potts model on the cubic lattice as well as the two-dimensional (2D) three-state antiferromagnetic Potts model on the square lattice. Unlike the conventional approach, here we follow the idea employed by Li et al (2018 Ann. Phys., NY 391 312-331). Specifically, instead of numerically generating numerous objects for the training, the whole or part of the theoretical ground state configurations of the studied models are considered as the training sets. Remarkably, our investigation of these two models provides convincing evidence for the effectiveness of the method of preparing training sets used in this study. In particular, the results of the 3D model obtained here imply that the NN approach is as efficient as the traditional method since the signal of a first order phase transition, namely tunneling between two channels, determined by the NN method is as strong as that calculated with the Monte Carlo technique. Furthermore, the outcomes associated with the considered 2D system indicate even little partial information of the ground states can lead to conclusive results regarding the studied phase transition. The achievements reached in our investigation demonstrate that the performance of NN, using certain amount of the theoretical ground state configurations as the training sets, is impressive.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 物理與天文學 (全部)