The community physical activity (PA) intervention was regarded to increase the PA level of the residents. Therefore, the accessible strategy and model needed to be developed for promoting PA for local communities. Purpose: 1. To investigate the effect of community PA intervention and 2. To build the promotive strategies and interventive model of community PA. Methods: 28 residents (aged 56.7±10.1yrs) of one community in the Taipei county were recruited to participate in this interventive program once per week. Before and after 12 week intervention, the physical fitness, exercise behavior and attitude of each subject were collected for data analysis. With literature review, the experience of intervention and the expert panel, the questionnaire of community promotion strategies and model was developed. The content structure was classified into four categories including organization, resource, activity and service. Then the second-and third-level questions were developed from the basic 4 categories, and were asked in 5-scale level. There were 63 questionnaires from health and physical education experts were collected for developing the model and strategies. Results: There was 23 of 28 subjects attended more than 2/3 classes and showed significantly improved in physical fitness (p＜ .05, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility and muscular endurance) and sports attitude (p＜ .05, improve the sleep quality, enhance the body image and confidence). The exercise frequency and intensity had the trend to increase. The frameworks of organization, resource, activity and service were respectively further to extend the chairperson, committee and regulation; the instructor, place, facility and budget; content and style; the relationship, content and manners. Conclusion: The community PA intervention showed the positive effects. The developed model and strategies of community PA intervention can be used for promotion; however, the character of each community needs to be considered.
- physical activity
- interventive model