Age model, oxygen isotopes and Mg/Ca ratios of Globigerinoides ruber from sediment core ORI715-21 off the Kuroshio Current, eastern Taiwan

  • L. Lo (Contributor)
  • Yung Hsiang Lai (Contributor)
  • K. Y. Wei (Contributor)
  • Yu Shih Lin (Contributor)
  • Horng-Sheng Mii (Contributor)
  • C. C. Shen (Contributor)



To understand Holocene climate evolutions in low-latitude region of the western Pacific, paired δ18O and Mg/Ca records of planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (250-300 μm, sensu stricto, s.s.) from a marine core ORI715-21 (121.5°E, 22.7°N, water depth 760 m) underneath the Kuroshio Current (KC) off eastern Taiwan were analyzed. Over the past 7500 years, the geochemical proxy-inferred sea surface temperature (SST) hovered around 27-28 °C and seawater δ18O (δ18OW) slowly decreased 0.2-0.4‰ for two KC sites at 22.7° and 25.3°N. Comparison with a published high-SST and high-salinity equatorial tropical Pacific record, MD98-2181 located at the Mindanao Current (MC) at 6.3°N, reveals an anomalous time interval at 3.5-1.5 kyr ago (before 1950 AD). SST gradient between the MC site and two KC site decrease from 1.5-2.0 °C to only 0-1 °C, and δ18OW from 0.1-0.3‰ to 0‰ for this 2-kyr time window. The high SST and low gradient could result from a northward shift of the North Equatorial Current, which implies a weakened KC. The long-term descending δ18OW and increasing precipitation in the entire low-latitude western Pacific and the gradually decreasing East Asian summer monsoonal rainfall during middle-to-late Holocene is likely caused by different land and ocean responses to solar insolation and/or enhanced moisture transportation from the Atlantic to Pacific associated with the southward movement of ITCZ.
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