Winding number and Zak phase in multi-band SSH models

Chen Shen Lee, Iao Fai Io, Hsien chung Kao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We use multi-band SSH models to demonstrate a prescription for calculating the correct Zak phase and winding number of multi-band systems. We verify our prescription by comparing the resultant winding number of a four-band SSH model with the edge states of a semi-infinite chain which we find by solving the equation of motion. We then also carry out an extensive comparison with the numerical results obtained by solving the matrix eigenvalue problem of finite chains with various number of sites. As a double check of our prescription, we also confirm the bulk edge correspondence in a six-band SSH model. Similar to the usual SSH model, the winding numbers associated to the left and right boundaries in a finite chain may be different if space inversion symmetry is violated in the system. We believe the prescription we propose here may also be applied to other 1D multi-band systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-110
Number of pages15
JournalChinese Journal of Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug


  • Bulk edge correspondence
  • The Zak phase
  • Topological insulator
  • Winding number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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