What Mathematics Education May Prepare Students for the Society of the Future?

Koeno Gravemeijer, Michelle Stephan, Cyril Julie, Fou Lai Lin, Minoru Ohtani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)


This paper attempts to engage the field in a discussion about what mathematics is needed for students to engage in society, especially with an increase in technology and digitalization. In this respect, mathematics holds a special place in STEM as machines do most of the calculations that students are taught in K-12. We raise questions about what mathematical proficiency means in today’s world and what shifts need to be made in both content and pedagogy to prepare students for 21st Century Skills and mathematical reasoning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-123
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1



  • 21st century skills
  • Digitalization
  • Mathematics education
  • Workplace mathematics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Mathematics(all)

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