In recent decades, a more prominent warming trend in the upper troposphere above the tropical western Pacific has been proposed in the literature derived from model simulations, satellite‐borne observations, or reanalysis datasets. Rather than applying these “indirect” approaches, this study obtains surface‐based and radiosonde observations in Taiwan in order to investigate long‐term changes in temperature at different altitudes within the troposphere under the conditions of ongoing global warming. These surface‐based observations indicate more pronounced warming in areas of high terrain, and the radiosondes reveal faster warming trends in the upper troposphere, with the maximum temperature increase between 400 hPa and 250 hPa. The upper‐tropospheric warming becomes even more pronounced during boreal winter and spring; however, the intense warming does not carry over near the tropopause. Notable warming is also observed near the surface in Taipei, which may be related to the urban heat island effect caused by the rapid development of anthropic activities. Since Taiwan is located right on the edge of the tropics in the western Pacific, the upper‐tropospheric warming, particularly between December and March, above the island should be contributed by the radiative and non‐radiative processes, which were previously proposed by other studies.
- Global warming
- Long‐term temperature trend
- Upper‐tropospheric warming
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)