Variation within and among host species in engorgement of larval trombiculid mites

C. C. Kuo, H. C. Wang, C. L. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We recovered larval trombiculid mites (i.e. chiggers), vectors of scrub typhus, from small mammal hosts in Taiwan, and compared the relative degree of engorgement (RDE) of the dominant chigger (Leptotrombidium imphalum) from different hosts. Naturally occurring chiggers recovered from Rattus losea and Bandicota indica were 1.4x and 1.3x as engorged as those from Apodemus agrarius. Within each host species, RDE was negatively related to chigger loads, but was mostly unrelated to gender or to body or reproductive condition of hosts. We documented significant variation in chigger engorgement both within and among host species; to the extent that RDE is a proxy for fitness, this contradicts predictions of the Ideal Free Distribution (IFD) that the per capita fitness of vectors should be similar among hosts. Failure to meet predictions of the IFD may reflect the limited mobility of chiggers, which consequently must be less selective in the hosts on which they feed. Further disease control efforts should consider vector feeding success in addition to vector abundance and may be able to capitalize on the unsuitability of certain hosts in supporting disease vectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-353
Number of pages10
JournalParasitology
Volume138
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

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Keywords

  • Ideal Free Distribution
  • Key wordsdisease control
  • Leptotrombidium imphalum
  • Orientia tsutsugamushi
  • feeding success
  • scrub typhus
  • trombiculid mites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Infectious Diseases

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