Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students

Lung Hung Chen, Mei-Yen Chen, Ying Hwa Kee, Ying Mei Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (Mage = 20.19, SD = 2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis indicated that a five item model was a better fit than the original six item model. Cross-validation also supported the modified Chinese version of the GQ. In addition, the Chinese version of the GQ was, as expected, positively correlated with optimism, happiness, agreeableness, and extraversion, which supported its construct validity. The Cronbach's α was .80 for the Chinese version of the GQ, indicating satisfactory validity and reliability in a Taiwanese student sample. It was concluded that the Chinese version of the GQ would be useful for assessing individual differences in dispositional gratitude.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

Fingerprint

questionnaire
student
optimism
happiness
construct validity
factor analysis
personality

Keywords

  • Grateful
  • Positive psychology
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students. / Chen, Lung Hung; Chen, Mei-Yen; Kee, Ying Hwa; Tsai, Ying Mei.

In: Journal of Happiness Studies, Vol. 10, No. 6, 01.12.2009, p. 655-664.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Lung Hung ; Chen, Mei-Yen ; Kee, Ying Hwa ; Tsai, Ying Mei. / Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students. In: Journal of Happiness Studies. 2009 ; Vol. 10, No. 6. pp. 655-664.
@article{0d732f82a9c94357bc812a0add8447fb,
title = "Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (Mage = 20.19, SD = 2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis indicated that a five item model was a better fit than the original six item model. Cross-validation also supported the modified Chinese version of the GQ. In addition, the Chinese version of the GQ was, as expected, positively correlated with optimism, happiness, agreeableness, and extraversion, which supported its construct validity. The Cronbach's α was .80 for the Chinese version of the GQ, indicating satisfactory validity and reliability in a Taiwanese student sample. It was concluded that the Chinese version of the GQ would be useful for assessing individual differences in dispositional gratitude.",
keywords = "Grateful, Positive psychology, Well-being",
author = "Chen, {Lung Hung} and Mei-Yen Chen and Kee, {Ying Hwa} and Tsai, {Ying Mei}",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10902-008-9112-7",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "655--664",
journal = "Journal of Happiness Studies",
issn = "1389-4978",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students

AU - Chen, Lung Hung

AU - Chen, Mei-Yen

AU - Kee, Ying Hwa

AU - Tsai, Ying Mei

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (Mage = 20.19, SD = 2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis indicated that a five item model was a better fit than the original six item model. Cross-validation also supported the modified Chinese version of the GQ. In addition, the Chinese version of the GQ was, as expected, positively correlated with optimism, happiness, agreeableness, and extraversion, which supported its construct validity. The Cronbach's α was .80 for the Chinese version of the GQ, indicating satisfactory validity and reliability in a Taiwanese student sample. It was concluded that the Chinese version of the GQ would be useful for assessing individual differences in dispositional gratitude.

AB - The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (Mage = 20.19, SD = 2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis indicated that a five item model was a better fit than the original six item model. Cross-validation also supported the modified Chinese version of the GQ. In addition, the Chinese version of the GQ was, as expected, positively correlated with optimism, happiness, agreeableness, and extraversion, which supported its construct validity. The Cronbach's α was .80 for the Chinese version of the GQ, indicating satisfactory validity and reliability in a Taiwanese student sample. It was concluded that the Chinese version of the GQ would be useful for assessing individual differences in dispositional gratitude.

KW - Grateful

KW - Positive psychology

KW - Well-being

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70949093264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70949093264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10902-008-9112-7

DO - 10.1007/s10902-008-9112-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:70949093264

VL - 10

SP - 655

EP - 664

JO - Journal of Happiness Studies

JF - Journal of Happiness Studies

SN - 1389-4978

IS - 6

ER -