Validation of the gratitude questionnaire (GQ) in Taiwanese undergraduate students

Lung Hung Chen, Mei Yen Chen, Ying Hwa Kee, Ying Mei Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough et al. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (Mage = 20.19, SD = 2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis indicated that a five item model was a better fit than the original six item model. Cross-validation also supported the modified Chinese version of the GQ. In addition, the Chinese version of the GQ was, as expected, positively correlated with optimism, happiness, agreeableness, and extraversion, which supported its construct validity. The Cronbach's α was .80 for the Chinese version of the GQ, indicating satisfactory validity and reliability in a Taiwanese student sample. It was concluded that the Chinese version of the GQ would be useful for assessing individual differences in dispositional gratitude.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec


  • Grateful
  • Positive psychology
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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