Using robot-based practices to develop an activity that incorporated the 6E model to improve elementary school students’ learning performances

Hsien Sheng Hsiao, Yi Wei Lin, Kuen-Yi Lin, Chien Yu Lin, Jheng Han Chen, Jyun Chen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study used robot-based practices to develop an activity that incorporated the 6E model. The sixth-grade students learned interdisciplinary knowledge about how to use Arduino electronic components, microcontrollers, and hands-on tools to make a “Crab Robot.” In addition, the students learned how to use Scratch programming language to control the robot and complete the “Crab Robot Crossing the Road” task. The study implemented a quasi-experimental design to examine whether the students who learned the robot-based activity using the 6E model acquired better learning motivation, learning performance, computational thinking ability, and hands-on ability than those who learned the activity through lectures. This study adopted purposive sampling to select 70 sixth-grade students from four classes, which were divided into the experimental group (6E model) and the control group (lectures). The experiment was conducted over a period of 18 weeks (for a total duration of 1,440 minutes). The results from the pretests-posttests showed that both groups of students improved their learning motivation, learning performance, computational thinking ability, and hands-on ability; however, the experimental group’s scores were significantly better. More importantly, this study provides a pedagogy manuscript for instructors who want to teach mechatronics programs and programming design education.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Robot-based practices
  • computational thinking ability
  • hands-on ability
  • interdisciplinary projects
  • programming and programming languages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications

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