Using facial recognition technology in the exploration of student responses to conceptual conflict phenomenon

Hongming Leonard Liaw, Mei-Hung Chiu , Chin Cheng Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


It has been shown that facial expression states of learners are related to their learning. As part of a continuing research project, the current study delved further for a more detailed description of the relation between facial microexpression state (FMES) changes and learning in conceptual conflict-based instructions. Based on the data gathered and analyzed through the lenses of two theoretical frameworks, it was revealed that not only is there a significant relationship between FMES changes and students' macro-submicroscopic understandings, FMES was also shown to be a viable reference for differentiating students who are more likely to undergo conceptual change or able to provide, at a minimum, a scientifically accurate description of the concept taught.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-834
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry Education Research and Practice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Education

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