Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal

H. B. Katuwal, H. P. Sharma, P. J.L. Shaner, R. Gurung, V. Thapa, T. G. Magar, T. B. Gurung, K. Parajuli, M. B. Gurung, H. Basnet, S. Koirala, M. S. Ghimire, S. Yadav, J. L. Belant, K. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Information on species distribution range is a prerequisite for setting conservation strategies. Conservation efforts in Nepal have been focused on flagship species, such as Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris), Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) and Greater One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). By contrast, distribution data and conservation efforts for other mammalian species are scarce. Here we documented the spatial locations of 27 mammal species based on direct sightings and photographic evidence from 70 m to 4,800 m of elevation across Nepal. We mapped their geographic distributions, delineated their elevation ranges and summarized the potential threats within their distribution ranges. We observed expanded elevation range for c. 30% of the 27 species (8 species), with the most noticeable upward expansion of the Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) from <1,500 m to 2,990 m, and downward expansion of the Fawn-colored Mouse (Mus cervicolor) from >1,150 m to 200 m. These updated, high-quality spatial information on a subset of Nepal’s diverse mammalian fauna, highlight new opportunities to study the effects of climate change on mammals in the Himalayan region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1735-1745
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Animal and Plant Sciences
Volume28
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Nepal
Elephas maximus
Rhinoceros
mammals
Panthera tigris tigris
Panthera tigris
geographical distribution
biogeography
climate change
fauna
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

Keywords

  • Altitudinal distribution
  • Geographic distribution
  • Range shift
  • Threatened species
  • Wildlife

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Katuwal, H. B., Sharma, H. P., Shaner, P. J. L., Gurung, R., Thapa, V., Magar, T. G., ... Shah, K. (2018). Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 28(6), 1735-1745.

Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal. / Katuwal, H. B.; Sharma, H. P.; Shaner, P. J.L.; Gurung, R.; Thapa, V.; Magar, T. G.; Gurung, T. B.; Parajuli, K.; Gurung, M. B.; Basnet, H.; Koirala, S.; Ghimire, M. S.; Yadav, S.; Belant, J. L.; Shah, K.

In: Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, Vol. 28, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 1735-1745.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Katuwal, HB, Sharma, HP, Shaner, PJL, Gurung, R, Thapa, V, Magar, TG, Gurung, TB, Parajuli, K, Gurung, MB, Basnet, H, Koirala, S, Ghimire, MS, Yadav, S, Belant, JL & Shah, K 2018, 'Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal', Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1735-1745.
Katuwal HB, Sharma HP, Shaner PJL, Gurung R, Thapa V, Magar TG et al. Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2018 Dec 1;28(6):1735-1745.
Katuwal, H. B. ; Sharma, H. P. ; Shaner, P. J.L. ; Gurung, R. ; Thapa, V. ; Magar, T. G. ; Gurung, T. B. ; Parajuli, K. ; Gurung, M. B. ; Basnet, H. ; Koirala, S. ; Ghimire, M. S. ; Yadav, S. ; Belant, J. L. ; Shah, K. / Updating spatial information of 27 mammal species in nepal. In: Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2018 ; Vol. 28, No. 6. pp. 1735-1745.
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