Ultraviolet lasing of sol-gel-derived zinc oxide polycrystalline films

Shou Yi Kuo, Fang I. Lai, Wei Chun Chen, Chin-Pao Cheng, Hao Chung Kuo, Shing Chung Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of post-annealing on sol-gel-derived ZnO films has been investigated. For these films, structural investigations including analyses of surface morphology and microstructures were carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Also, optical properties were determined by photoluminescence analysis, ellipsometry and optical pumping measurement. The XRD results indicate that the (002) peak will predominate with increasing annealing temperature. SEM images show that grain size increased with annealing temperature. Moreover, photoluminescence spectra revealed the enhancement in UV emission intensity with annealing temperature, which was attributed to an improvement in crystal quality. Room-temperature ultraviolet random lasing action was observed in the ZnO films. The threshold intensity for the lasing was estimated to be ∼70kW/cm2. Furthermore, it was found that the formation of random laser action is affected by post-annealing, which is associated to the presence of a high-gain medium and efficient light scattering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3662-3665
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume45
Issue number4 B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 25

Fingerprint

Zinc oxide
zinc oxides
Sol-gels
oxide films
lasing
gels
Annealing
annealing
Photoluminescence
pumping
photoluminescence
Optical pumping
X ray diffraction
Temperature
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
Ellipsometry
optical pumping
high gain
diffraction

Keywords

  • Sol-gel
  • UV lasing
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ultraviolet lasing of sol-gel-derived zinc oxide polycrystalline films. / Kuo, Shou Yi; Lai, Fang I.; Chen, Wei Chun; Cheng, Chin-Pao; Kuo, Hao Chung; Wang, Shing Chung.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 45, No. 4 B, 25.04.2006, p. 3662-3665.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuo, Shou Yi ; Lai, Fang I. ; Chen, Wei Chun ; Cheng, Chin-Pao ; Kuo, Hao Chung ; Wang, Shing Chung. / Ultraviolet lasing of sol-gel-derived zinc oxide polycrystalline films. In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers. 2006 ; Vol. 45, No. 4 B. pp. 3662-3665.
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