Ultrashallow seismic experiment on a trenched section of the Chelunpu fault zone, Taiwan

Yih Jeng, Chih Sung Chen, Hung Ming Yu, Andres Shiuan Ru Jeng, Chou Yi Tang, Ming Juin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrashallow P-wave seismic reflection experiments were conducted at a model test site and in a trenched shallow fault zone along the Chelunpu fault line. The field layout was designed to have the shallowest undistorted reflection from about 1 m depth with 0.5 m vertical resolution. The smallest group interval tested in this study was 0.05 m with a 0.25 ms sample interval, which can avoid spatial aliasing of ground roll if the target is very shallow and the velocities are low. Data processing was designed to be simple but consistent. As the ultrashallow reflections may be contaminated with high-amplitude coherent noise in many aspects, first break muting and surgical muting were performed on each file as detailed as possible, and f-k filtering was applied mainly for the purpose of attenuating the aliasing energy and back-scattered noise. Data acquired in this study show that the low P-wave velocities (< 200 m/s) and high dominant frequencies (120-200 Hz) of near-surface layers may have a potential vertical resolution of 0.4 m or even better. Comparing the test profile with the ground-penetrating radar (GPR) control profile of the same test site and correlating the results obtained from the study site with those of the geologic cross-section of the trench, this experiment demonstrates the possibility of using seismic methods in investigating shallow structures at depths of less than a few meters with vertical resolution comparable to the GPR technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-270
Number of pages16
JournalTectonophysics
Volume443
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 15

Keywords

  • Chi-Chi earthquake
  • Fault
  • Seismic reflections
  • Taiwan
  • Ultrashallow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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