We here present a planarized solid-state chemical reaction that can produce transition metal monochalcogenide (TMMC) 2D crystals with large lateral extent and finely controllable thickness down to individual layers. The enhanced lateral diffusion of a gaseous reactant at the interface between a solid precursor and graphene was found to provide a universal route towards layered TMMCs of different compositions. A unique layer-by-layer growth mechanism yields atomically abrupt crystal interfaces and kinetically controllable thickness down to a single TMMC layer. Our approach stabilizes 2D crystals with commonly unattainable thermodynamic phases, such as β-Cu2S and γ-CuSe, and spectroscopic characterization reveals ultra-large phase transition depression and interesting electronic properties. The presented ability to produce large-scale 2D crystals with high environmental stability was applied to highly sensitive and fast optoelectronic sensors. Our approach extends the morphological, compositional, and thermodynamic complexity of 2D materials.
|Journal||npj 2D Materials and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering