Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics: Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest

Teng Chiu Lin, Steven P. Hamburg, Kuo Chuan Lin, Lih Jih Wang, Chung Te Chang, Yue Joe Hsia, Matthew A. Vadeboncoeur, Cathy M.Mabry McMullen, Chiung Pin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strong tropical storms are known to affect forest structure, composition, and nutrient cycles in both tropical and temperate regions, although our understanding of these effects disproportionally comes from regions experiencing much lower cyclone frequency than many forests in the Northwest Pacific. We summarized the effects of typhoons on forest dynamics at Fushan Experimental Forest (FEF) in northeastern Taiwan, which averages 0.49 major typhoons annually, and compared their resistance and resilience to those of forests in other regions. Typhoons cause remarkably few tree falls at FEF; multiple typhoons in 1994 felled only 1.4% of canopy trees, demonstrating high structural resistance. The most important effect of typhoons in this ecosystem is defoliation, which maintains high understory light levels and enhances heterogeneity, sustaining diversity without large canopy gaps. The vulnerability of taller trees to being blown down has resulted in the short-stature FEF (mean canopy height is 10.2 m). As the FEF is P-limited and a large fraction of total annual P export occurs during typhoons, these storms may have the effect of reducing productivity over time. DIN and K+ export only remain elevated for days at FEF, in contrast to the several years observed in Puerto Rico. High resilience is also evident in the rapid recovery of leaf area following typhoons. Heavy defoliation and slow decomposition are among the processes responsible for the high resistance and resilience of FEF to typhoon disturbance. These key structural features may emerge in other forest ecosystems if the frequency of major storms increases with climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-143
Number of pages17
JournalEcosystems
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1

Fingerprint

typhoons
forest dynamics
typhoon
experimental forests
disturbance
defoliation
canopy gaps
Ecosystems
canopy
Puerto Rico
forest canopy
canopy gap
forest ecosystems
biogeochemical cycles
understory
Taiwan
leaf area
cyclone
climate change
forest ecosystem

Keywords

  • defoliation
  • gap
  • litterfall
  • regeneration
  • streamwater chemistry
  • typhoon
  • understory light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology

Cite this

Lin, T. C., Hamburg, S. P., Lin, K. C., Wang, L. J., Chang, C. T., Hsia, Y. J., ... Liu, C. P. (2011). Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics: Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest. Ecosystems, 14(1), 127-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-010-9399-1

Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics : Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest. / Lin, Teng Chiu; Hamburg, Steven P.; Lin, Kuo Chuan; Wang, Lih Jih; Chang, Chung Te; Hsia, Yue Joe; Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A.; McMullen, Cathy M.Mabry; Liu, Chiung Pin.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 127-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, TC, Hamburg, SP, Lin, KC, Wang, LJ, Chang, CT, Hsia, YJ, Vadeboncoeur, MA, McMullen, CMM & Liu, CP 2011, 'Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics: Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest', Ecosystems, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 127-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-010-9399-1
Lin, Teng Chiu ; Hamburg, Steven P. ; Lin, Kuo Chuan ; Wang, Lih Jih ; Chang, Chung Te ; Hsia, Yue Joe ; Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A. ; McMullen, Cathy M.Mabry ; Liu, Chiung Pin. / Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics : Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest. In: Ecosystems. 2011 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 127-143.
@article{64b726982e8f4e9bbaa65844ce1e2bef,
title = "Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics: Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest",
abstract = "Strong tropical storms are known to affect forest structure, composition, and nutrient cycles in both tropical and temperate regions, although our understanding of these effects disproportionally comes from regions experiencing much lower cyclone frequency than many forests in the Northwest Pacific. We summarized the effects of typhoons on forest dynamics at Fushan Experimental Forest (FEF) in northeastern Taiwan, which averages 0.49 major typhoons annually, and compared their resistance and resilience to those of forests in other regions. Typhoons cause remarkably few tree falls at FEF; multiple typhoons in 1994 felled only 1.4{\%} of canopy trees, demonstrating high structural resistance. The most important effect of typhoons in this ecosystem is defoliation, which maintains high understory light levels and enhances heterogeneity, sustaining diversity without large canopy gaps. The vulnerability of taller trees to being blown down has resulted in the short-stature FEF (mean canopy height is 10.2 m). As the FEF is P-limited and a large fraction of total annual P export occurs during typhoons, these storms may have the effect of reducing productivity over time. DIN and K+ export only remain elevated for days at FEF, in contrast to the several years observed in Puerto Rico. High resilience is also evident in the rapid recovery of leaf area following typhoons. Heavy defoliation and slow decomposition are among the processes responsible for the high resistance and resilience of FEF to typhoon disturbance. These key structural features may emerge in other forest ecosystems if the frequency of major storms increases with climate change.",
keywords = "defoliation, gap, litterfall, regeneration, streamwater chemistry, typhoon, understory light",
author = "Lin, {Teng Chiu} and Hamburg, {Steven P.} and Lin, {Kuo Chuan} and Wang, {Lih Jih} and Chang, {Chung Te} and Hsia, {Yue Joe} and Vadeboncoeur, {Matthew A.} and McMullen, {Cathy M.Mabry} and Liu, {Chiung Pin}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10021-010-9399-1",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "127--143",
journal = "Ecosystems",
issn = "1432-9840",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Typhoon Disturbance and Forest Dynamics

T2 - Lessons from a Northwest Pacific Subtropical Forest

AU - Lin, Teng Chiu

AU - Hamburg, Steven P.

AU - Lin, Kuo Chuan

AU - Wang, Lih Jih

AU - Chang, Chung Te

AU - Hsia, Yue Joe

AU - Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A.

AU - McMullen, Cathy M.Mabry

AU - Liu, Chiung Pin

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Strong tropical storms are known to affect forest structure, composition, and nutrient cycles in both tropical and temperate regions, although our understanding of these effects disproportionally comes from regions experiencing much lower cyclone frequency than many forests in the Northwest Pacific. We summarized the effects of typhoons on forest dynamics at Fushan Experimental Forest (FEF) in northeastern Taiwan, which averages 0.49 major typhoons annually, and compared their resistance and resilience to those of forests in other regions. Typhoons cause remarkably few tree falls at FEF; multiple typhoons in 1994 felled only 1.4% of canopy trees, demonstrating high structural resistance. The most important effect of typhoons in this ecosystem is defoliation, which maintains high understory light levels and enhances heterogeneity, sustaining diversity without large canopy gaps. The vulnerability of taller trees to being blown down has resulted in the short-stature FEF (mean canopy height is 10.2 m). As the FEF is P-limited and a large fraction of total annual P export occurs during typhoons, these storms may have the effect of reducing productivity over time. DIN and K+ export only remain elevated for days at FEF, in contrast to the several years observed in Puerto Rico. High resilience is also evident in the rapid recovery of leaf area following typhoons. Heavy defoliation and slow decomposition are among the processes responsible for the high resistance and resilience of FEF to typhoon disturbance. These key structural features may emerge in other forest ecosystems if the frequency of major storms increases with climate change.

AB - Strong tropical storms are known to affect forest structure, composition, and nutrient cycles in both tropical and temperate regions, although our understanding of these effects disproportionally comes from regions experiencing much lower cyclone frequency than many forests in the Northwest Pacific. We summarized the effects of typhoons on forest dynamics at Fushan Experimental Forest (FEF) in northeastern Taiwan, which averages 0.49 major typhoons annually, and compared their resistance and resilience to those of forests in other regions. Typhoons cause remarkably few tree falls at FEF; multiple typhoons in 1994 felled only 1.4% of canopy trees, demonstrating high structural resistance. The most important effect of typhoons in this ecosystem is defoliation, which maintains high understory light levels and enhances heterogeneity, sustaining diversity without large canopy gaps. The vulnerability of taller trees to being blown down has resulted in the short-stature FEF (mean canopy height is 10.2 m). As the FEF is P-limited and a large fraction of total annual P export occurs during typhoons, these storms may have the effect of reducing productivity over time. DIN and K+ export only remain elevated for days at FEF, in contrast to the several years observed in Puerto Rico. High resilience is also evident in the rapid recovery of leaf area following typhoons. Heavy defoliation and slow decomposition are among the processes responsible for the high resistance and resilience of FEF to typhoon disturbance. These key structural features may emerge in other forest ecosystems if the frequency of major storms increases with climate change.

KW - defoliation

KW - gap

KW - litterfall

KW - regeneration

KW - streamwater chemistry

KW - typhoon

KW - understory light

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79551621637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79551621637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10021-010-9399-1

DO - 10.1007/s10021-010-9399-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79551621637

VL - 14

SP - 127

EP - 143

JO - Ecosystems

JF - Ecosystems

SN - 1432-9840

IS - 1

ER -