Type of physical exercise and inhibitory function in older adults: An event-related potential study

Chung Ju Huang, Peng Chun Lin, Chiao Ling Hung, Yu Kai Chang, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The present study was to examine the relationship between exercise type and inhibitory function in older adults using neuroelectric indices. Design: A cross-sectional design was employed in the present study. Method: Sixty adults (M=69.42 years) were categorized into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups according to their history of exercise participation. The participants conducted a flanker task while their behavioral performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed. Results: The results indicated that regular exercisers, regardless of exercise type, exhibited a faster reaction time across conditions of the flanker task compared to irregular exercisers. For the P300 amplitude of the open-skill exerciser group, the peak amplitude was larger at the vertex site compared to the frontal site, whereas no site differences were observed in the closed-skill and irregular exerciser groups. Conclusions: These findings extend current knowledge by suggesting that, for older adults, participation in physical exercise involving increased cognitive demand is associated with better neural efficiency in resource allocation for tasks that require interference control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Resource Allocation
Evoked Potentials
Reaction Time
Exercise
Brain

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Executive function
  • Interference control
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Type of physical exercise and inhibitory function in older adults : An event-related potential study. / Huang, Chung Ju; Lin, Peng Chun; Hung, Chiao Ling; Chang, Yu Kai; Hung, Tsung Min.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.03.2014, p. 205-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Chung Ju ; Lin, Peng Chun ; Hung, Chiao Ling ; Chang, Yu Kai ; Hung, Tsung Min. / Type of physical exercise and inhibitory function in older adults : An event-related potential study. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 205-211.
@article{bde3ad1aed664803abdc3d5233223018,
title = "Type of physical exercise and inhibitory function in older adults: An event-related potential study",
abstract = "Objectives: The present study was to examine the relationship between exercise type and inhibitory function in older adults using neuroelectric indices. Design: A cross-sectional design was employed in the present study. Method: Sixty adults (M=69.42 years) were categorized into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups according to their history of exercise participation. The participants conducted a flanker task while their behavioral performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed. Results: The results indicated that regular exercisers, regardless of exercise type, exhibited a faster reaction time across conditions of the flanker task compared to irregular exercisers. For the P300 amplitude of the open-skill exerciser group, the peak amplitude was larger at the vertex site compared to the frontal site, whereas no site differences were observed in the closed-skill and irregular exerciser groups. Conclusions: These findings extend current knowledge by suggesting that, for older adults, participation in physical exercise involving increased cognitive demand is associated with better neural efficiency in resource allocation for tasks that require interference control.",
keywords = "Aging, Executive function, Interference control, Physical activity",
author = "Huang, {Chung Ju} and Lin, {Peng Chun} and Hung, {Chiao Ling} and Chang, {Yu Kai} and Hung, {Tsung Min}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.11.005",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "205--211",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Type of physical exercise and inhibitory function in older adults

T2 - An event-related potential study

AU - Huang, Chung Ju

AU - Lin, Peng Chun

AU - Hung, Chiao Ling

AU - Chang, Yu Kai

AU - Hung, Tsung Min

PY - 2014/3/1

Y1 - 2014/3/1

N2 - Objectives: The present study was to examine the relationship between exercise type and inhibitory function in older adults using neuroelectric indices. Design: A cross-sectional design was employed in the present study. Method: Sixty adults (M=69.42 years) were categorized into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups according to their history of exercise participation. The participants conducted a flanker task while their behavioral performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed. Results: The results indicated that regular exercisers, regardless of exercise type, exhibited a faster reaction time across conditions of the flanker task compared to irregular exercisers. For the P300 amplitude of the open-skill exerciser group, the peak amplitude was larger at the vertex site compared to the frontal site, whereas no site differences were observed in the closed-skill and irregular exerciser groups. Conclusions: These findings extend current knowledge by suggesting that, for older adults, participation in physical exercise involving increased cognitive demand is associated with better neural efficiency in resource allocation for tasks that require interference control.

AB - Objectives: The present study was to examine the relationship between exercise type and inhibitory function in older adults using neuroelectric indices. Design: A cross-sectional design was employed in the present study. Method: Sixty adults (M=69.42 years) were categorized into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups according to their history of exercise participation. The participants conducted a flanker task while their behavioral performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed. Results: The results indicated that regular exercisers, regardless of exercise type, exhibited a faster reaction time across conditions of the flanker task compared to irregular exercisers. For the P300 amplitude of the open-skill exerciser group, the peak amplitude was larger at the vertex site compared to the frontal site, whereas no site differences were observed in the closed-skill and irregular exerciser groups. Conclusions: These findings extend current knowledge by suggesting that, for older adults, participation in physical exercise involving increased cognitive demand is associated with better neural efficiency in resource allocation for tasks that require interference control.

KW - Aging

KW - Executive function

KW - Interference control

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890333446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890333446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.11.005

DO - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.11.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84890333446

VL - 15

SP - 205

EP - 211

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

IS - 2

ER -