Tuning Interfacial Thermal and Electrical Conductance across a Metal/MoS2 Monolayer through N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone Wet Cleaning

Yen Ju Wu, Yann Wen Lan*, Shih Chieh Hsu, Chen Hao Yeh, Yu Seng Ku, Jyh Chiang Jiang, Yibin Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Extensive effort is dedicated to developing 2D materials as an alternative to Si-based semiconductor technology. As the size decreases, heat dissipation at various interfaces becomes increasingly important in controlling device performance. On the other hand, the high interfacial thermal resistances can be applied for thermoelectric devices or thermal insulators by achieving ultralow thermal conductivity via nanostructuring. Here, it is found that a) the thermal and electrical conductance of the Au/MoS2 monolayer interface can be tuned by changing the interfacial chemical properties through N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) wet cleaning while preserving the MoS2 structure; b) the effectiveness of the NMP cleaning process, which removes surface adsorbates, exhibits a temperature dependence; c) experimental results demonstrate that adequate oxygen adsorbates at the Au/MoS2 interface significantly improve the thermal and electrical conductance, in agreement with the simulation results. The interfacial thermal conductance increases by 339.87% when oxygen adsorbates are partially removed and decreases by 74.37% as a sharp interface exists (oxygen adsorbates are removed) compared to the as-deposited interfaces. The electrical conductance shows up to 2 order increase after NMP cleaning. This finding can both enhance the heat dissipation in functional devices and provide new options for the interface design of thermal insulating thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000364
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 1


  • electrical conductance
  • interfacial thermal resistances
  • molybdenum disulfide
  • monolayers
  • wet cleaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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