Isotocin controls ion regulation through modulating the functions of ionocytes (also called mitochondria-rich cells or chloride cells). However, little is known about the upstream molecule of the isotocin system. Herein, we identify transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), which regulates the mRNA and protein expressions of isotocin and affects ion regulation through the isotocin pathway. Double immunohistochemical results showed that TRPV4 is expressed in isotocinergic neurons in the hypothalamus of the adult zebrafish brain. To further elucidate the roles of TRPV4, we manipulated TRPV4 protein expression and evaluated its ionoregulatory functions in zebrafish embryos. TRPV4 gene knockdown with morpholino oligonucleotides decreased ionic contents (Na+, Cl-, and Ca2+) of whole larvae and the H+-secreting function of larval skin of zebrafish. mRNA expressions of ionocyte-related transporters, including H+-ATPase, the epithelial Ca2+ channel, and the Na+-Cl- cotransporter, were also suppressed in trpv4 morphants. Numbers of ionocytes (H+-ATPase-rich cells and Na+K+-ATPase-rich cells) and epidermal stem cells in zebrafish larval skin also decreased after trpv4 knockdown. Our results showed that TRPV4 modulates ion balance through the isotocin pathway.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)