Transformation for adults in an Internet-based learning environment-is it necessary to be self-directed?

Regina Juchun Chu, Anita Zichun Chu, Cathy Weng, Chin Chung Tsai, Chia Chun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This research explores the relationships between self-directed learning readiness and transformative learning theory (TLT) reflected by the Constructivist Internet-based Learning Environment Scale (CILES). A questionnaire survey about adult learner's perceptions of Internet-based learning was administered to adults enrolled in classes in community colleges in Taiwan. A total of 593 valid questionnaires were used for the structural equation modeling analysis. The findings confirmed a second-order hierarchical factor relationship of TLT (technical, dialectical and emancipatory learning interests) from CILES. Moreover, the three domains of learning interests of transformative learning were proved to have a developmental relationship, moderated by the readiness of self-directed learning for adult learners in Internet-based learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-216
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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